Friday, June 5, 2020
The works of Audre Lorde, Ntozake Shange, and Junot Diaz have featured communities that are formed around a shared sexual identity: one that is either chosen to be empowering or one that is forced upon the community members. In some cases, these sexually-defined communities are able to deepen the emotional connection between their members. In others, it limits or completely cuts off this connection. Audre Lorde writes about the power that eroticism has to restore the common history and heritage of women of color in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power.Ã¢â¬ In it, she discusses the origin of the word Ã¢â¬Å"eroticÃ¢â¬ and defines it as such: Ã¢â¬Å"an assertion of the lifeforce of women; of that creative energy empowered, the knowledge and use of which we are now reclaiming in our language, our history, our dancing, our loving, our work, our livesÃ¢â¬ (Lorde 55). The erotic encompasses every aspect of life, from pure sexuality to the idea of being intellectually aroused by and passionate about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s work. It allows women of color to reclaim the pride they have in every aspect of their lives. They can hold onto their shared language of womanhood and feel strengthened by it. Women unify by embracing the erotic power and using it to enrich their lives as a whole; they do not have to rely on anyone but themselves. It is a personal empowerment that becomes a shared empowerment as women adopt and implement the erotic in their lives. As the erotic unites women through passion, it also deepens the individual relationships between women as they begin to acknowledge the differences between their stories and bridge those gaps. Through sharing the erotic, Lorde states that it Ã¢â¬Å"forms a bridge between the sharers which can be the basis for understanding much of what is not shared between them, and lessens the threat of their differenceÃ¢â¬ (Shange 56). By understanding that each womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life and struggles are different, but of equal importance, is the key to deepening the emotional relationships between them. At the same time, it prevents those differences from creating a rift that is uncrossable. It serves as a glue that seeps in and bonds women to the core. Similarly, throughout Ntozake ShangeÃ¢â¬â¢s choreopoem Ã¢â¬Å"For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow is Enuf,Ã¢â¬ women of color are brought together as a single community through their shared, but largely negative, sexual experiences with men. The introductory poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Dark Phrases,Ã¢â¬ writes about the Ã¢â¬Å"dark phrases of womanhood / of never having been a girlÃ¢â¬ and addresses the subject head-on; verbal harassment, specifically sexual, is a guaranteed occurrence in the lives of women of color (Shange 3). Dark phrases consist of harassment such as catcalls, threats, and other sexual assertions by men. They are the unspeakable, hidden, harmful sentiments that have cast female sexuality into the shadows. This universal experience of being a target for Ã¢â¬Å"dark phrasesÃ¢â¬ is what creates a collective womanhood in which all women of color unite to protect themselves. They have all lost their childhood to their sexual exploitation, and now they must protect their adulthood. By having each lady in the choreopoem participate, the poem invites women from across the country to feel welcome within this community. They are women from coast to coast and they all stand united in their shared female experience. While women form a community around their shared sexual experience, they are severely hindered in achieving emotional human connection with the men who have fostered these experiences. In the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"One,Ã¢â¬ the lady in red acts as a seductress to get revenge on the men that took advantage of her. As she is luring men in, she says Ã¢â¬Å"she wanted to be unforgettable / she wanted to be a memory / a wound to every man / arrogant enough to want herÃ¢â¬ (Shange 32). She scars these men through sexual manipulation in the same way that men as a whole have scarred women of color using the same method. She asserts that men are not entitled to women, and they should not be Ã¢â¬Å"arrogantÃ¢â¬ to expect it at all. By inflicting a wound on these men, she is able to, if only momentarily, resurrect the independent and sexually empowered self that she has lost. However, she cannot resurrect any of the pure emotional compatibility with men that might have existed before being sexua lly harassed or assaulted. That relationship is forever tarnished. On the reverse side, male sexuality in Junot DiazÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar WaoÃ¢â¬ does engender a community, but one that is saturated with toxic hyper masculine expectations that alienate those who donÃ¢â¬â¢t conform. More specifically, it is the sexual expectations imposed by the Dominican community on its children that are an alienating force. As a young boy, Oscar is described as a Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËnormalÃ¢â¬â¢ Dominican boy raised in a Ã¢â¬ËtypicalÃ¢â¬â¢ Dominican family, his nascent pimp-liness was encouraged by blood and friends alikeÃ¢â¬ (Diaz 11). From early on in his life, Oscar is pressured to be a casanova that charms women through his sexual prowess. In fact, the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"nascent pimp-linessÃ¢â¬ imposes the expectation that as a Dominican male, he should be born with such a charm. If he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t, then he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t Dominican. Since Oscar is characterized as less than charming, his masculinity is called into question and h e is isolated from the Dominican community that he has every right to be apart of. Unfortunately, the way that Dominican culture perpetuates sexual dominance creates unnecessary competition between Dominican men. In some cases, it makes their emotional interactions borderline violent and sadistic. In OscarÃ¢â¬â¢s fantasy about stealing a girl away from the extremely-masculine Manny, he says Ã¢â¬Å"when he was in a better mood he would let Ana find Manny hanging from a light fixture in his apartment, his tongue a swollen purple bladder in his mouth, his pants around his anklesÃ¢â¬ (Diaz 42). Oscar is so threatened by this other male that he wishes an extremely emasculating death upon him. By fantasizing about MannyÃ¢â¬â¢s suicide, Oscar suggests emotional weakness that reduces MannyÃ¢â¬â¢s rigid masculinity. By having his Ã¢â¬Å"pants around his ankles,Ã¢â¬ Oscar belittles MannyÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of sexual superiority. If Oscar had been raised in a community where hypermasculinity was of little importance, then maybe OscarÃ¢â¬â¢s human connection to other men would be pleasant instead of tense and aggressive. While Audre Lorde advocates for the erotic as a way to both form and strengthen communities, not everyone in the texts weÃ¢â¬â¢ve read were able to embrace its power in the way she intended. For the women of ShangeÃ¢â¬â¢s choreopoem, it strengthens human connection between women but limits it between the two genders. For Oscar, never having known sexuality and passion as a morally-empowering tool, it leaves his connection to other men hostile. While sexuality impacts the characters of these stories differently, it impacts them completely.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURS IN PROMOTING AGRIBUSINESS IN INDIA 1Mr. Raghavendra Hajgolkar, ICSSR Doctoral Fellow, Department of Studies in Economics, Rani Channamma University, Belagavi - 591156 (Karnataka), India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2Dr. Talwar Sabanna, Professor and Dean, School of Business and Economics, Department of Studies in Economics, Rani Channamma University, Belagavi-591156 (Karnataka), India. ABSTRACT Commercialization of agriculture is possible by performing agribusiness activities. Entrepreneurial extension is now indispensable and has to perform different roles of promoting production, processing, value addition, trade and marketing. Agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Keywords: Agribusiness, Youth, Entrepreneurship Development, Enterprise, Marketing INTRODUCTION India is an agriculture based country since ancient time which is considered as the backbone of our economy and the agrarian sector contributes substantially to the GDP of India. Around seventy per cent of the Indian population and more than fifty per cent of the total work force still depends on agriculture and allied areas for live hood, agriculture meets the basic needs of IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s growing population. Today, agriculture has achieved commercial importance and changed from subsistence farming to commercial farming, import oriented to export oriented sector, supply driven technology to demand driven technology etc. New inputs and new technologies are hitting market every day. In the developed countries, agribusiness is defined as the total output arising from farm production and product processing at both pre- and post-farm gate levels. In developing countries like India, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in food production, including farming and contract farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales. Agribusiness is widely used simply as a convenient portmanteau of agriculture and business, referring to the range of activities and disciplines encompassed by modern food production. Hence agribusiness can be defined as science and practice ofShow MoreRelatedDevelopment Role of Rbi1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis role is, perhaps, the most unheralded aspect of our activities, yet it remains among the most critical. The Reserve Bank is one of the few central banks that has taken an active and direct role in supporting developmental activities in their country. The Reserve BankÃ¢â¬â¢s developmental role includes -ensuring credit to productive sectors of the economy, Read MoreAgro -Based Industrial Development in Bangladesh2967 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages5.2 Grains Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..05 5.3 Livestock Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...5-6 5.4 FisheriesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦6 5.5 Horticulture Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 6. Agribusiness Credit FundÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.7 7. The USAID Agro-based Industries and Technology Development Projects Ã¢â¬â ATDP I and now ATDP IIÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦8 8. Early Success in Agro processingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Read MoreRole of Financial Institutions and the Central Bank in Kenya1905 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesQuestion 1: Briefly explain role of the following Financial Institutions in the economic development of Kenya: a) Kenya Industrial Estates: Kenya Industrial Estates (KIE) Limited was established in 1967 as a subsidiary of Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC) with a major role of promoting indigenous entrepreneurship by financing and developing small scale and micro enterprises. KIE Limited was established to facilitate development and incubation of micro, small and medium enterprisesRead MoreSme in Philippines3578 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesMedium-scale Enterprises plays an important role in economic development worldwide. Many developing countries in fact have placed Small and medium enterprise development and promotion on top of their economic agenda. With the failure of past industrialization policies favoring large enterprises to stimulate wide-ranging development, SMEs are being given renewed emphasis as engines of economic growth, employment potential and poverty alleviation. SMEs play an important role particularly in industrial productionRead MoreHow Sm Jaleel Went Global12239 Words Ã |Ã 49 Pagesidentified in the Bibliography. I Acknowledgements This document was put together with the assistance of many persons and entities. Sincere thanks are due to the following individuals and companies / institutions: Allister Glean : Caribbean Agribusiness Association (CABA) Barry Joefield : Ministry of Agriculture, Land Marine Resources Brian Tangwell : EXIMBANK C. Williams : Ministry of Agriculture, Land Marine Resources Carol Brown : CarolÃ¢â¬â¢s Delights Customs Excise Division Damian CastagneRead MoreAgriculture Is Africa s Backbone And Holds Tremendous Potential As An Engine For Future Growth2220 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesgrowth and job creation in the continent. The sector employs 65-70% of the African workforce and accounts for roughly a third of the continentÃ¢â¬â¢s GDP. Women make up more than half of AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s farmers and produce about 90% of the continentÃ¢â¬â¢s food. Promoting agricultural production is widely regarded as one of the most effective ways to drive inclusive growth and reduce poverty. The experience of countries like Ghana and Uganda over the past decade provides powerful demonstration of the positive impactRead MoreHorticulture: Agriculture and Post Harvest M anagement3265 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagestechnological infusion like micro-irrigation, precision farming, greenhouse cultivation, and improved post harvest management impacting the development, but during the process various issues have emerged. Role of Banks in development of this sector: Institutional finance has a prominent role to play to meet the fund requirement for strengthening the supply base of horticulture and plantation sector. The credit requirement under this sector during the X plan period has been assessed as Rs.18, 420Read MoreKfc: Chinas Favorite Chicken Essay examples2896 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagessystem whereby selling his secret recipe to restaurants that commit to follow it strictly. This is how the business of Colonel Sanders, as he is known, began to become a major fast food chain Ã¢â¬Å"Kentucky Fried ChickenÃ¢â¬ . KFC now plays an important role in the world as far as fast food is concerned. And it is in China where he obtained his greatest triumph, covering over 40% of the fast food market. However, this victory was costly. In 1973, when KFC first entered Hong Kong, it misjudged the localRead MoreOrganic Food4050 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagespackaged food items are sold in small containers to keep pricing low example is here Natural Mantra Ã¢â¬ ¢ StartedÃ November 2011 Ã¢â¬ ¢ InvestmentÃ Rs 10 lakh Ã¢â¬ ¢ Working withÃ NGOs and other social entrepreneurs who make natural and organic products Ã¢â¬ ¢ Social ImpactÃ Besides promoting eco friendly products, creating a window for others to sell *** Where would you go for bright lipsticks made with honey,Ã gheeÃ andÃ kokumÃ butter? Or mosquito repellent diffusers with peppermint, citronellaRead MoreEntrepreneurship in Pakistan20067 Words Ã |Ã 81 PagesAdministrations Unfriendly to Small and Trading Businesses 24 (e) Poor Legal Framework 25 (f) Lack of Trust and Social Capital 25 (g) The Constraint of Financing 26 (h) Why There is No Consolidation? 26 4 Page 7. Conclusion 27 (a) Reinventing the Role of Govern ment and Ensuring Rule of Law 27 (b) Removing the Instruments of Rent-seeking 28 (c) A New Growth Strategy 28 (d) Building Growth Cities 29 (e) Identifying Ã¢â¬ËLemonsÃ¢â¬â¢ 30 (f) Releasing the Energy of the Domestic Sector 31 Annexures 33
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
American Samoa is an island that is located below the equator within the South Pacific Region. Its Ã¢â¬Å"Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce.Ã¢â¬ (American Samoa Economy, 2016) American Samoa is a territory of the United States of America, and due to its location it is highly costly to import goods of any kind. All vehicle in American Samoa are either imported from the United States or Japan due to several reasons. Foremost, American Samoa imports vehicles whose steering wheel is installed on the left side of the vehicle. Secondly, all vehicles in American Samoa are designed to drive on the same side of the road equivalent to the USA. Various islands in the South Pacific carries vehicle where the steering wheel is on the opposite side and also drives on the opposite side of the road. There are no vehicle manufacturing in American Samoa hence, the reason why all vehicles are imported. There are several local busines sÃ¢â¬â¢s that sells each vehicle brand names, they are: 1. ASCO Motors : Toyota distributor 2. Samoa Motors : Ford Distributor 3. K.S Inc : Chevrolet 4. Halecks motors : Nissam Several other local dealerÃ¢â¬â¢s deal mainly with sales of used vehicles and rentals. I have chosen to write about ASCO Motors: Toyota Tsusho (American Samoa) because Ã¢â¬Å"Asco Motors is one of the longest established businesses in the region, fully supporting the Toyota, Yamaha and Avis brands.Ã¢â¬ (ASCO, 2016) ABOUT ASCO MOTORS: Ã¢â¬Å"Toyota TsushoShow MoreRelatedWhat I Am My Life1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescontinue their tradition, and I believe it s a beautiful thing. I am a very cultural person and am proud of who I am. My ethnicitys make me who I am and I feel very proud to be what I am and grateful for the lifestyle I have. I believe growing up in an ethnicity your proud of, you cherish it and choose to embrace it. Observing different types of cultures is very interesting to me, because I can compare the differences and similarities between one another. There s some questions I could ask about certainRead MoreThe Nature Vs. Nurture1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesapproach to the Nature vs Nurture convict Margret Mead took a psychological approach to the Nature vs Nurture convict. Mead set out to Samoa where she studied Samoan girl s behavior, environment and lifestyle. Mead in her study found that our childhood to adolescence transition in the United Sates causes psychological and emotional distress. While that in Samoa , Samoan girls lived free of this psychological and emotional distress, living a more less emotional and stressful transition from childhoodRead MoreTropical Cyclones And The Southwest Pacific / Cyclone Val Case Study2905 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesVal, which devastated Western and American Samoa in 1991. I will aim to inform you on the build up of the cyclone, how it affected the islands when it hit in 1991, and the aftermath of the cyclone which continues long after the cyclone has hit, just like many other cyclone to have struck the Pacific. Samoa, which is located in Polynesia, is a group of high islands, consisting of two major nations : Western Samoa, and American Samoa. In addition to this, Western Samoa, which is the larger of the twoRead MoreAdolescence as a Time of Storm and Stress1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages suggested that adolescence is a time of personal Ã¢â¬Ëstorm and stressÃ¢â¬â¢ during which the child must experience the turbulent history of the human r ace in order to reach maturity. This was very influential in later psychological research and popular culture. The implications of EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s (1980) theory of psychosocial development portray adolescence as a period of Ã¢â¬Ëstorm and stressÃ¢â¬â¢ as adolescents experience role confusion as they try out different roles in attempting to establish a sense of identityRead MoreWhat Makes A Diet?1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesavailable and if there is a wide or limited variety. People must also have the tools or resources to turn products of their land into a food source, so it can become a part of their diet. A diet is largely influenced by the culture that the individual is brought up in. many cultures and religions have food restrictions and/or food staples which are incorporated into daily diets and further narrow the diversity of what that individual consumes. As stated previously, dietary freedoms come with responsibilityRead MoreStrategic Action Disney s Concept Of Consumer Focused Initiative2263 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesunderstand the cultures of their host nations. They see that consumer always attract with their culture oriented place. Because in case study we see that in most of the Disneyland they try to focus as per the area or their cultural values. So for that they apply different strategies for increasing their business in non-american markets of the disney. For example In early stage of Disney opening in Paris, we find that Disney was accused of ignoring French culture and criticised for exporting American imperialismRead MoreBiological Sex, Gender, And Sexuality1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplay rough or stereotypically boysÃ¢â¬â¢ games, can be diagnosed with GIDC, in this manner increasing the false-positive estimate of the diagnosis. Homosexual is either someone sexually attracted to members of one s own sex or relating to sexual desire or behavior directed toward members of one s own sex. A term which attributes to individuals or groups, who regard as a problem the hegemonic concept of sex, gender and desire in an accustomed society is genderqueer. These people are known to obtain anRead MoreThe Utilitarian Philosophy Of Human Existence Individuals And Societies Have Made Decisions That Are Ethical And Moral Decisions2165 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagespleasure rather than pain. After JeremyÃ¢â¬â¢s death, John Mill continued his belief that acts were determined by pleasure rather than pain. This way of thinking became known as Utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant was an eighteenth century philosopher who had an impact on many different areas of philosophy (McCormick, n.d.). Kant was influential in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and aesthetics. In the realm of ethics, Kant believed that it was an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s duty to act morally. This was in stark contrast toRead MoreTok Pisin. Tok Pisin, One Of The Official National Languages1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessomeone s second language. When a kid is raised and now that pidgin is their first language, the language is now known as creole (Smith 2002). Present day Hawaiian Creole English speakers and others in Hawaii refer to the language as simply Ã¢â¬Å"pidginÃ¢â¬ (Balinbin 2010). The history of Tok Pisin and Hawaiian Creole English are similar. Tok Pisin is one of three major pidgin languages in Melanesia(Smith 2002). Within Melanesia, Tok Pisin is mostly used in Papua New Guinea. In the early 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, EuropeansRead MoreMargaret Mead : A Psychological Study Of Primitive Youth For Western Civilization2311 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesUniversity of Pennsylvania economist, and Emily Fogg, a sociologist, social reformer, and a social scientist. MeadÃ¢â¬â¢s education included collecting data for observation and documenting. Mead s early experimental training aids to explain why she became one of the eminent women scientists of her time. Mead s course can be practically divided into two stages--before World War II, when she earned her baccalaureate degrees and managed more than twenty expeditions in the South Pacific, and later in the
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The International Journal Advances Information? Answer: Introduction The report gives an overview of the wide area design created for the connecting the different offices of Arr Company. A local area network is designed and a discussion is given on the cabling plan and type of connection used for the local area network. The type of topology used for the network is also discussed and each of the floor of the office buildings are analyzed for the creation of the floor plan. The network solution is designed by analyzing the requirement and the number of hosts required to be installed and enabling the users to communicate with each other using the network solution. For designing the network diagram Cisco packet tracer simulator software is used and the floor plan of the head office is created in Microsoft visio. Potential Concerns related with the connections There are different potential concerned that should be analyzed for increasing the efficiency of the network design and reduce the response time of the proposed network solution. The installation of the network device near the power lines, motors and other sources can cause electromagnetic interferences and thus degrade the quality of the signals and cause error in the transmission. The network should be designed with redundant links such that if a link is broken the secondary link can be used for backup for transmitting the data packets in the network. There are many security related issues that needs to be resolved for securing the network and restrict the access of the unauthorized users to connect with the core components of the network. The network administrator may face difficulty while management of the network resources distributed in different location of the network. There are other potential concerns that can affect the network such as cost, administrative time and the fai lure of the file server installed in the network. The network is designed to remove the complexity such that it can save the effort of the technician to resolve any problem associated with the maintenance of the network. The connection between the offices should be secured and some encryption algorithm, must be applied such that if it is accessed by any third party agents it would not be recovered and thus cannot use for illegal activity. The wireless access point installed in the network should have proper protection such that it cannot be access by unauthorized users. The servers connected in the network should be configured to group the users and manage the printing jobs for better management of the users and the network resources. A network monitoring tool should be used for the analysis of the flow of data packets and protect the network from distributed denial of service attacks. Discussion on the local area wiring The main physical property of the local area network are the network interface cards and the cables used for connecting the computers in the network for communicating with the other users connected in the network. Twister pair network cables are used for connection and wireless access points are installed at each of the floor for allowing the users to connect their wireless devices in the network. Some of the LAN equipments such as the bridge and repeaters are used for extending the network and separate them from another network. The capacity of the transmission is also important for increasing the efficiency of the network solution and direct connection should be used for connecting the network devices installed in the network. The network backbone should be fiber optics cable for connecting the different offices in the network because it allows higher bandwidth and is best suited for long distance transmission. Different types of cables are used for interconnecting the routers, switches and the nodes connected in the network. There are different types of cables such as unshielded twisted pair, shielded twisted pair, multi-mode fiber and single mode fiber for local wiring. The interconnection between the routers are done using the serial cables and cat 6a cables are used for connecting the layer 2 switch with the router and for local distribution purpose the cat 6 cable is applied. The cat 6a cables operates in the frequency of 500 Mhz and has the support for 1000 Mbps Ethernet and 10 Gbps Ethernet connections. The cat 6 cable is used for reducing the cost of cabling because its price is less when compared with the cat 6a cables. Discussion on the type of local area network topology Two types of network configuration are applied for designing the network solution for Arr Company, such as peer to peer network and client server network. The peer to peer network is designed for each of the departments that have less number of users and where security is not the main aspect. Each of the users connected in the peer to peer network can share their files and documents easily without any restriction acting on them. The client server network is used for the management of the wide area network where a central server is installed in the network for storing the files in the server and controlling the access of the other users. High level of security can be implemented and the server should have high end configuration for supporting the virtualization and balancing the load of the network. The local area network is designed following the star topology and a central router is used for each of the department for connecting the nodes installed in different location of the offic e building. The star topology is selected because different medium can be used for transmission of data packets in the star topology. Separate cables are used for establishment of connection between the device and the central switch and thus if a device fails it does not affects the performance of the network. A backup plan should be available for the central device because it is the main element of the network, if it fails the whole network would stop working. Each of the department of the organization are connected using a separate VLAN configured on the switch used for providing connection to the users. Since it is a large organization many data are generated in the network and there is a risk of collision between the data packets in the network and the data may get lost. Thus the creation of the VLAN would help to create separate channels for transmission of the data packets in the network and increase the efficiency of the network. Floor Plan for the companys head office The office buildings of Arr Company is located in different location of the suburb and a wide area network connection should be used for the connecting the offices. Local server are installed in each of the building for serving the needs of the users. The head office of the company is located in Melbourne CBD in the top three floor of a building for three departments namely: general support, sales and marketing. The first floor needs a LAN for connecting the 32 workstations, the second floor needs LAN for connecting the 20 workstations and the third floor needs the local area network for connecting the 38 workstations. Each of the LAN should be configured with IP address and subnetted for reducing the wastage of the IP address. A central router should be installed in the network for connecting all the three departments and configured with IP route for enabling communication with the other offices. A layer 3 switch should be connected with the router for creation of VLAN and minimize the impact of the potential problems identified for the development of the network solution. A same layout is followed for each of the floor for the development of the network solution. The head office of the company should be connected with a strong backbone and the network servers should be installed in the DMZ zone and the physical access should be restricted. Conclusion From the above report it can be concluded that for the development of the network solution and analysis is made on the structure of the building, floor plans and the number of workstations and servers required for each of the department. For the preparation of the network solution a wide area network and a local area network is designed. There are some potential concerns related with the connection between each of the departments and they are also discussed in the report. The wide area network is designed for connecting the different offices located in different location of the suburbs and the local area network is designed for connecting each of the departments in the office. For designing the wide area network for the company separate cluster is used different VLANs are allocated for each of the cluster for increasing the security of the network. References Brewer, "Advanced persistent threats: minimising the damage", Network Security, vol. 2014, no. 4, pp. 5-9, 2014. "IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking society information", IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. C3-C3, 2016. Langenhan, VMware View Security Essentials. Packt Publishing, 2013. "Optical Switching and Networking", Optical Switching and Networking, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 463-464, 2013. Subramaniam, M. Brandt-Pearce, P. Demeester and C. Vijaya Saradhi,Cross-Layer Design in Optical Networks. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2013. "Introduction to Information Security",Network Security, vol. 2013, no. 12, p. 4, 2013. "The Practice of Network Security Monitoring",Network Security, vol. 2014, no. 10, p. 4, 2014. Wang, "The Design of Improved Elman Network Intrusion Detection Algorithm in Digital Campus Network",Advanced Materials Research, vol. 1049-1050, pp. 2096-2099, 2014. Kermanshahi, Y. Shafahi and M. Bagherian, "Application of a new rapid transit network design model to bus rapid transit network design: case study Isfahan metropolitan area",Transport, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 93-102, 2013. Yadegari, M. Zandieh and H. Najmi, "A hybrid spanning tree-based genetic/simulated annealing algorithm for a closed-loop logistics network design problem",International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 400, 2015. Liu and W. Qu, "Design of Campus Network Database Access Based on Encryption",Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 608-609, pp. 331-335, 2014. Hosapujari and A. Verma, "Development of a Hub and Spoke Model for Bus Transit Route Network Design",Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 104, pp. 835-844, 2013. "The Comprehensive Evaluation Research of Campus Network Security Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)",INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON Advances in Information Sciences and Service Sciences, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 809-816, 2013.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Describe the difference between a system and a process A system in management refers to a complete set of controlling, measuring and monitoring processes that an organization has and which play a role of ensuring that the objectives of a company as well as its operational processes are achieved. On the other hand, processes are those procedures and steps an organization follows to achieve a goal which can be in production, sales or recruitment.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Process of management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Why is it a good idea to create process flow charts? Process flow charts in management are important tools that a company uses to communicate to workers how business processes work (Mir and Qureshi 315). The flow charts are used to indicate how processes fit and also document how those processes are carried out. It is imperative to note that creating process flow charts enables a bu siness to identify areas in a process that needs improvement. As such, creating a flow chart is a good idea that aids a business to analyze and define processes, communicate flow of process and enhance the standard of processes. How does a focus on processes and process improvement help an organization become more effective? Focusing on improving process plays a critical role of ensuring that a company aligns its operations and affects lasting strategies that enhances improvements and attainment of desired outcomes. This is through developing a focus on factors which impact on the performance of process as well as end-to-end processes. In addition, a focus on process enhances employee morale through engagement in management process and learning how to implement solutions to process inadequacies. Besides, it aids in improving employee satisfaction, customer retention and reduction of cost. How would you recognize that a process needed to be improved? Identifying that there is need fo r a process to be improved springs from availability of opportunities, multiple failures and customer complaints. Besides, the need for process improvement can be due to a requirement by a business to grow its operations, carry out effective and efficient processes, to enhance competitive edge and to meet long term business objectives and goals. What is meant by a value-added operation? Value-added operations refer to a set of operations that a business requires in order to ensure that the performance criteria for creating a final product is met without failure and all necessary steps are optimally run.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How would you recognize a non-value added activity? Non-value adding activities can be recognized a when activities carried out in a business are done without following a flow chart. Besides, they can be determined from previous operations that have been done inaccurately as well as those that are incomplete (Mazu 43). Why is it important to study the process from the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view? Customers form one of the driving factors of a business success. Studying process from customersÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective is important for identifying areas that need improvement, to enhance performance standards and to determine what customers require. What is meant by process ownership? Process ownership refers to the responsibility a person has to design necessary processes aimed at ensuring business plans and objectives are met. Who should be involved in process improvement efforts? How should the team be structured? Process improvement efforts are steps or systematic approaches that teams in an organization optimize in order to achieve efficiency in business processes. Various teams involved should be organized to carry out short term objectives, goals and leadership roles. Works Cited Mazu, Michael. Ã¢â¬Å"Heavy mettle victory: process management requires resiliency, perseverance.Ã¢â¬ Quality Progress 45.1 (2012): 42-46. Print. Mir, Imran, and Ijaz, Qureshi. Ã¢â¬Å"Innovative process management: a strategic weapon to succeed in a dynamic and hyper competitive environment.Ã¢â¬ Information Management and Business Review, 3.6 (2011): 315-327. Print. This assessment on Process of management was written and submitted by user Carlos Munoz to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
All the Transition Words Youll Ever Need for Academic Writing In academic writing, transitions are the glue that holds your ideas together. Without them, your writing would be illogical and lack flow, making it difficult for your audience to understand or replicate your research.In this article, we will discuss the types of transitions based on their purpose. Familiarizing yourself with these most-used and best transition terms for academic writing will help bring clarity to your essays and make the writing process much easier on you.Like the links on a chain, transition words hold an academic paper together and make ideas flow logically. Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash.Types of transitionsThere are four types of transitions: Causal, Sequential, Adversative and Additive. Below, weve listed the most commonly used transitions in each of these categories, as well as examples of how they might be used to begin a paragraph or sentence.CausalWhen you use causal transitions, you are letting your reader know that there is a cause-and-effect relation ship between ideas or paragraphs or consequences.Accordingly (Accordingly, the author statesÃ¢â¬ ¦)All else being equal (All else being equal, these ideas correlateÃ¢â¬ ¦)As a consequence (As a consequence, all data were aggregatedÃ¢â¬ ¦)As a result (of this) (As a result of this finding, scholars now agreeÃ¢â¬ ¦)Because (of the fact that) (Because of the fact that these numbers show signs of declining,Ã¢â¬ ¦)Because (of this) (Because of this, scholars determinedÃ¢â¬ ¦)Consequently (Consequently, the research was stalledÃ¢â¬ ¦)Due to (the fact that) (Due to the fact that all prior studies showed similar results,Ã¢â¬ ¦)For the purpose(s) of (For the purposes of our argument, we willÃ¢â¬ ¦)For this reason (For this reason, the researchersÃ¢â¬ ¦)Granted (that) (Granted that the numbers were significantly higher, the studyÃ¢â¬ ¦)Granting (that) (Granting that the data was collected incorrectly, the researchers feltÃ¢â¬ ¦)IfÃ¢â¬ ¦then (If this data is significant, then it i s obvious thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)If so (If so, the data is not useableÃ¢â¬ ¦)In the event (In the event that it is not significant, we should consider thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Inasmuch as (Insomuch as the authors attempt to refute these findings, research suggests thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In the hope that (In the hope that new data will encourage more in-depth research, the author found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦.)In that case (In that case, weve found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Only if (Only if data is insubstantial should findings be ignored, thusÃ¢â¬ ¦)Otherwise (Otherwise, the research would continueÃ¢â¬ ¦)Owing to (the fact) (Owing to the fact that the gathered data is incorrect, Ã¢â¬ ¦)Provided (that) (Provided that the same results occur, we can assume thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Since (Since it would seem futile to continue to study this topic, we posit thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)So as to (So as to clarify past remarks, we initiated further researchÃ¢â¬ ¦)So long as (So long as there is established credibility, this journal seeksÃ¢â¬ ¦.)So much (so) that (The data is manipulated so much so that it cant be used to clarifyÃ¢â¬ ¦)Therefore (Therefore, this result compromises the exploration intoÃ¢â¬ ¦)That being the case (That being the case, we should look into alternativesÃ¢â¬ ¦)Thus (Thus, it would see that further researchÃ¢â¬ ¦)Unless (Unless this calls to question the original hypothesis, the exploration of this topic would beÃ¢â¬ ¦)With (this fact) in mind (With this fact in mind, lets consider another alternativeÃ¢â¬ ¦)Under those circumstances (Under those circumstances, fewer participantsÃ¢â¬ ¦)SequentialSequential transitions show a numerical sequence or the continuation of a thought or action. They are used to establish an order to your main points in an academic essay, and help create a logical outline for your writing.(Once) again (Once again, this is not a reason for lack of rigorÃ¢â¬ ¦)After (this) (After this, it would seem most prudent toÃ¢â¬ ¦)Afterwards (Afterwards, it seemed a moot point to determineÃ¢â¬ ¦)Altogeth er (Altogether, these data suggest thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Anyway (Anyway, such loss would prove to be damaging..)As (was) mentioned earlier/above (As was mentioned above, the lack of attention given toÃ¢â¬ ¦)As (was) stated before (As was stated before, there is little evidence showÃ¢â¬ ¦)As a final point (As a final point, consider the connection betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)At any rate (At any rate, loss of significance was vital toÃ¢â¬ ¦)By the way (By the way, one cant assume thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Coincidentally (Coincidentally, this affected the nature ofÃ¢â¬ ¦)Consequently (Consequently, Smith found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Eventually (Eventually, more was needed to sustainÃ¢â¬ ¦)Finally (Finally, we now know thatÃ¢â¬ ¦First (First, it seems that even with the additional dataÃ¢â¬ ¦)First of all (First of all, none of the respondents felt thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Given these points (Given these points, its easy to see thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Hence (Hence, we see that the above detailsÃ¢â¬ ¦)In conclusion (In conclusion, since the data shows significant growth...)In summary (In summary, there are not enough studies to show the correlationÃ¢â¬ ¦)In the (first/second/third) place (In the first place, we found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Incidentally (Incidentally, no findings showed a positive outlookÃ¢â¬ ¦)Initially (Initially, we noticed that the authorsÃ¢â¬ ¦.)Last (Last, the most significant growth appeared to happen whenÃ¢â¬ ¦)Next (Next, its important to note thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Overall (Overall, we found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦.)Previously (Previously, it was shown thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Returning to the subject (Returning to the subject, careful observation of trendsÃ¢â¬ ¦)Second (Second, it was impossible to know theÃ¢â¬ ¦)Secondly (Secondly, in looking at variable related toÃ¢â¬ ¦)Subsequently (Subsequently, we found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Summarizing (this) (Summarizing this, the authors noted thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Therefore (Therefore, the connection is unknown betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)Third (Third, when data were collectedÃ¢â¬ ¦)Thirdly (Thirdly, we noticed thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Thus (Th us, there was no evidence thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)To conclude (To conclude, the findings suggest thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)To repeat (To repeat, no studies found evidence thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)To resume (To resume the conversation, we began discussingÃ¢â¬ ¦)To start with (To start with, there is no evidence thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)To sum up (To sum up, significant correlation was foundÃ¢â¬ ¦)Ultimately (Ultimately, no studies found evidence ofÃ¢â¬ ¦)Adversative TransitionsAdversative transitions show contrast, counter arguments or an alternative suggestion.Above all (Above all, we found thatÃ¢â¬ ¦Admittedly (Admittedly, the findings suggest thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)All the same (All the same, without knowing which direction the study would takeÃ¢â¬ ¦)Although (Although much is to be learned fromÃ¢â¬ ¦)At any rate (At any rate, we concluded that...)At least (At least, with these results, we canÃ¢â¬ ¦)Be that as it may (Be that as it may, there was no significant correlation betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)Besides (Besides, it is obvious thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)But (But, the causal relationship betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)By way of contrast (By the way of contrast, we note thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Conversely (Conversely, there was no correlation betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)Despite (this) (Despite this, the findings are clear in thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Either way (Either way, studies fail to approach the topic fromÃ¢â¬ ¦)Even more (Even more, we can conclude thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Even so (Even so, there is a lack of evidence showingÃ¢â¬ ¦)Even though (Even though the participants were unaware of which Ã¢â¬ ¦.)However (However, it becomes clear thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In any case (In any case, there were enough reponsesÃ¢â¬ ¦)In any event (In any event, we noted thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In contrast (In contrast, the new data suggests thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In fact (In fact, there is a loss ofÃ¢â¬ ¦)In spite of (this) (In spite of this, we note thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Indeed (Indeed, it becomes clear thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Instead (of) (Instead of publishing our findings early, we chose to)More/Most importantly (More importantly, there have not been anyÃ¢â¬ ¦)Nevertheless (Nevertheless, it becomes clear thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Nonetheless (Nonetheless, we failed to note howÃ¢â¬ ¦)Notwithstanding (this) (Notwithstanding this, there was little evidenceÃ¢â¬ ¦)On the contrary (On the contrary, no active users wereÃ¢â¬ ¦)On the other hand (On the other hand, we cannot avoidÃ¢â¬ ¦)Primarily (Primarily, it becomes significant asÃ¢â¬ ¦)Rather (Rather, none of this is relevantÃ¢â¬ ¦)Regardless (of) (Regardless of previous results, the authorsÃ¢â¬ ¦)Significantly (Significantly, there was little correlation betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦)Still (Still, nothing was noted in the diaryÃ¢â¬ ¦)Whereas (Whereas little evidence has been given toÃ¢â¬ ¦)While (While causality is lackingÃ¢â¬ ¦)Yet (Yet, it becomes clear thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Additive TransitionsYoull use an additive transition to relate when new information is being added or highlighted to something that was just mentioned.Additionally (Additionally, it can be noted thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Also (Also, there was no evidence thatÃ ¢â¬ ¦.)As a matter of fact (As a matter of fact, the evidence fails to showÃ¢â¬ ¦)As for (this) (As for this, we can posit thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)By the same token (By the same token, no studies have concludedÃ¢â¬ ¦)Concerning (this) (Concerning this, there is little evidence toÃ¢â¬ ¦)Considering (this) (Considering this, we must then return toÃ¢â¬ ¦)Equally (Equally, there was no correlationÃ¢â¬ ¦)Especially (Especially, the study reveals thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)For example (For example, a loss of onesÃ¢â¬ ¦.)For instance (For instance, there was little evidence showingÃ¢â¬ ¦)Furthermore (Furthermore, a lack of knowledge onÃ¢â¬ ¦)In a similar way (In a similar way, new findings show thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In addition to (In addition to this new evidence, we note thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)In fact (In fact, none of the prior studies showedÃ¢â¬ ¦)In other words (In other words, there was a lack ofÃ¢â¬ ¦)In particular (In particular, no relationship was revealedÃ¢â¬ ¦)In the same way (In the same way, new studies suggest thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Likewise (Likewise, we noted thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Looking at (this information) (Looking at this information, its clear to see howÃ¢â¬ ¦)Moreover (Moreover, the loss of reputation ofÃ¢â¬ ¦)Namely (Namely, the authors noted thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Not onlyÃ¢â¬ ¦but also (Not only did the study reveal new findings, but also it demonstrated howÃ¢â¬ ¦.)Notably (Notably, no other studies have been doneÃ¢â¬ ¦)On the subject of (this) (On the subject of awareness, participants agreed thatÃ¢â¬ ¦.)One example (of this is) (One example of this is how the new dataÃ¢â¬ ¦)Particularly (Particularly, there is little evidence showingÃ¢â¬ ¦)Regarding (this) (Regarding this, there were concerns thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Similarly (Similarly, we note thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Specifically (Specifically, there were responses thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)That is (That is, little attention is given toÃ¢â¬ ¦)The fact that (The fact that the participants felt misinformedÃ¢â¬ ¦)This means (that) (This means that conclusive findings areÃ¢â¬ ¦)To il lustrate (To illustrate, one participant wrote thatÃ¢â¬ ¦.)To put it another way (To put it another way, there is little reason toÃ¢â¬ ¦)What this means is (What this means is the authors failed toÃ¢â¬ ¦)With regards to (this) (With regards to this, we cannot assume thatÃ¢â¬ ¦)Making the choiceWhen deciding which transition would best fit in each instance, keep in mind a few of these tips:Avoid using the same transition too much, as it could make your writing repetitive.Check at the beginning of each paragraph to ensure that a) youve included a transition, if one was needed, and b) its the correct transition to accurately relate the type of logical connection youre forming between ideas.Be sure that if you are using sequential transitions, they match. For example, if you use first to highlight your first point, second should come next, then third, etc. You wouldnt want to use first, followed by secondly.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Globalization - Good or Bad - Essay Example In terms of International Trade, the author has described globalization as the platform that sets a level playground for both rich and poor countries. The author has also affirmed the less developed country can only improve their situation through the assistance of World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. I agree to a greater extent the assertions of the author except at some few issues which I total disagree. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have been described by the author as the pillars of global governance systems. The author overlooked the power of sovereignty of states, democracy, and the international justice system. The claim that developing countries can only improve their situation through these two global financial institutions is not accurate. Wallerstein (2004) pointed out that the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund is Ã¢â¬ËtrainingÃ¢â¬â¢ poor countries to depend on them. Developing countries have difficulties servicing the loans they receive from these organizations. They find themselves overburdened by the huge interest rates and end up borrowing again from other sources including internal sources. This creates a scenario similar to the one of digging a hole to bury another hole. The problem still remains. In this regard, I view the two institutions as contributing to the slow growth of developing economies and not as the sole path to their economic prosperity. Multinational companies in developing countries have been highlighted as better paying compared to the local firms and that foreign firms are not really oppressing their workers. Hurst (2008) claim that multinational companies are one of the social oppressions in less developed and poor countries. They offer jobs to locals at a higher wage than local firms, but this should not justify the poor, working conditions, job insecurity, or the prolonged hours of work often witnessed especially in the manufacturing industry. The author claims that if the w orkers were not happy with these companies then they would leave. Hurst (2008) explains that is huge labor force in developing countries and very few job opportunities which leaves many workers to Ã¢â¬ËpersevereÃ¢â¬â¢ where they are. The reason, therefore, why these workers continue working for the foreign firms is not because they are happy but rather because they have nowhere else to look for a livelihood. On the issue of foreign companies being nothing compared to the government, and not being able to raise an army or taxes, the author failed to put into perspective that, at times, some senior government officials usually have personal interests in these companies. Revesz (1997) stated that when it comes to crisis where multinational firms are being accused of various reasons, Ã¢â¬Ëthe states cannot be trustedÃ¢â¬â¢ in the way the matter is handled. He observed that despite huge negative publicity and accusations from both the media and the public, the government remains silent and waits for the Ã¢â¬Ëtide to settleÃ¢â¬â¢. The international trading system has been implied by the author as unbiased against developing countries. This may be true as far as international trade laws and regulations are concerned. But, on the other hand, according to Wallerstein (2004), there is a more serious issue of trade imbalance whereby developed countries have an upper hand due to their economic strength advantage, superior